Home > News

Training Tips: When to see a specialist

-By Dan Way

Despite what seems like an endless amount of resources — websites, magazines, fellow runners, our own experience, etc. — there comes a time when we all need a second opinion and some expert advice.

Whether it’s a potential injury, a nutrition issue, chronic soreness or wanting to train at a higher level, there are various specialists who’s job it is to get triathletes back on track and help them improve and enjoy their sport.

ThinkstockPhotos-467761013Physical therapists

Long sought for their ability to treat problems with the musculoskeletal system, PTs specialize in repairing, improving and enhancing all matters of mobility and function. They can often detect and assess strength imbalances, flexibility issues and chronic sore areas and provide immediate treatment through manual therapy such as active release as well as suggest strength exercises to address the problems and provide solutions for the long term.

Chiropractor and PatientChiropractors

Chiropractors traditionally specialized in issues involving the spine and nervous system but have recently evolved into more all-encompassing type practitioners who can treat any number of related neuromusculoskeletal issues. They often perform manual therapy including of the spine, joints and soft tissues but may also employ alternative techniques like acupuncture. Increasingly they promote other exercise and lifestyle changes to compliment manual therapy. Many contemporary chiropractors have distanced themselves from traditional types (think subluxation) and some now even specialize in sports and exercise-related issues.

Sports medicine specialist/physicians

In the event of something more serious, a sports physician will have received specialized training related to sports and exercise medicine. In addition to having the ability to diagnose specific injuries and ailments related to or caused by physical activity, sports and exercise, they can also prescribe medication and specialized tests such as x-rays, bone scans and MRIs. In most cases, their services are covered by provincial insurance although getting in to see one may take some time.

Massage therapists

Getting a massage is a great way to work out sore muscles, joints and problem areas. It will likely feel anything but comfortable at the time, but a massage can provide guaranteed relief to sore, tight and tense areas. Some massage therapists undergo addition training to specialize in deep tissue (sports) massage and specifically treat and work with athletes and physically active populations. Consider massage before a tough workout or race to feel loose, ready and relaxed or have one done afterwards to help with recovery.

Mediterranean DietDietitians

For any and all diet and nutrition-related issues, a dietitian is the best person to consult for both general and individualized advice and support. Whether it’s losing weight, gaining it, dealing with allergies and sensitivities or just wanting to feel better and be healthier, a dietitian can likely help. They can also address possible deficiencies and dependencies and provide solutions to get your diet back on track and fuel you for better health and performance. Note that in Canada a dietitian is a regulated profession while nutritionists are not.

Sports psychologists

For those who are performance-focused and driven to accomplish specific goals, a sports psychologist may be an option to offer a unique edge over the competition. For those who struggle with race-related anxiety and stress or who are looking to develop personalized mental strategies to perform better, a sports psychologist can help put your personality and emotional tendencies to work for you, rather than against you.

Men seem more likely to chase round-number time goals.


Coaches are perhaps a different type of specialist but are nonetheless a proven source of motivation, support and guidance. They can tailor a training plan specifically to your needs and goals and provide a tremendous amount of ongoing support and motivation to go beyond what you’re able to do on your own. There are no shortage of triathlon coaches around so finding one that meets your needs is key.